Beautiful, slender, red-hot peppers. Each plant grows up to 2 feet and is vigourous and productive. Great for drying, using fresh and/or using medicinally.
|Germination||7 - 14 Days|
|Sowing Method||Indoors Sow (trays)|
|Days to Maturity||70 Days|
|Height||18 - 24 inches|
|Greenhouse / Polytunnel||Recommended|
|Scoville Rating||30,000 – 50,000 SHU|
|Recommended Soil pH||5.0-6.0|
[90 days to red] This classic cayenne pepper plant produces some of the most elegant hot peppers around. The pepper itself performs nicely in just about any dish where extra heat is desired, offering a heat level around 30,000 to 50,000 SHU.
The plant has an upright habit and tends to need to be staked, as the copious amount of fruit it yields can often cause it to fall over. Although you can use the green peppers, it’s best to wait until they’re fiery red, especially if you’re planning on drying them. It grows well in pots or straight into the ground, but needs a greenhouse or poly tunnel to do well in our climate. Very hardy, bug resistant and are excellent keepers when dried.
Use in any dish that requires the use of hot chillies, dry and ground for cayenne pepper, or use as an added kick to a Bloody Mary or vodka.
Select a sunny location where other members of the Solanaceae family (tomatoes, potatoes, etc.) have not been planted recently and in soil that is well drained and slightly acidic (pH 5.5-7.0).
Starting Indoors: Sow ¼” deep into well-draining seed starting mix 7-10 weeks before your last frost. Place in a bright, sunny location or supplement with artificial light. For ideal germination, soil temperatures should be between 80-85F. Without added heat, the seeds can take up to two weeks to germinate.
Once your seedlings have 2-4 true leaves, transplant into a larger container and apply a good feed.
Transplant outside or into permanent pots once the soil has warmed – no colder than 50F at any given time. Harden off gradually before transplanting.
Plants should be set 12-24” apart, in rows 24-36” apart, or spaced about 14-16” apart in raised beds. Peppers like to be planted fairly close to one another, so that there is slight contact between them. This variety also does well in large containers.
For optimum fruit set, peppers need a steady supply of water and stable temperatures. If nighttime temperatures reach below 60 F or above 75F, fruit set can be greatly reduced. Mulching is a great way to maintain heat and preserve soil moisture. In greenhouses, you can help maintain high humidity by damping down paths daily. Make sure to spray the foliage, as it will help set the fruit.
Once fruit starts to form, peppers do best with a lot of feed. Choose organic fertilizers that are high in phosphorus, potassium and calcium. Too much nitrogen can deter fruit growth.
Harvest chillies singly by cutting them individually from the plant. Alternatively, you can pull up the entire plant when it’s full of red peppers and hang it upside down in the kitchen for use all year round. Chilli peppers grown outdoors must be harvested before the first frosts.