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Scientific Name

Pisum sativum

Crop Culture

Peas are a cool-season crop, thriving in temperatures between 55°F and 70°F (13°C - 21°C). They prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained, loamy soil with a pH of 6.0-7.5. Enrich the soil with compost or a balanced fertilizer before planting, as peas fix their own nitrogen and don't require highly nitrogenous soil.

Peas can be sown directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. They can also be planted in the fall in milder climates.


Sow pea seeds 1 inch deep and 1-2 inches apart in rows 18-24 inches apart. Provide support for climbing varieties, such as trellises or stakes. For dwarf or bush types, support is not typically necessary.

Water peas regularly, especially during flowering and pod development. Mulching helps retain soil moisture and control weeds.

Grow Guides

For more detailed information on growing peas, including different types (snap, snow, and shell peas), refer to our comprehensive pea grow guide.

Diseases, Insects, and Weeds

Common pests include aphids and pea weevils. Use row covers to protect the plants and apply organic or chemical controls if necessary. Diseases like powdery mildew and root rot can be mitigated with good air circulation and proper spacing.


Harvest snap and snow peas when the pods are plump but still tender, and shell peas when the pods are swollen with visible peas inside. Regular harvesting encourages more production.

Storage and Preservation

Peas can be stored in the refrigerator for a week. For longer storage, blanch and freeze them. They can also be dried or canned for preservation.